www.disabilityfootball.co.uk 


         
 

ORGANISATIONS


Most disabled footballers, whether juniors or adults, play in what are known as pan-disability clubs or teams. These are teams comprised of footballers with differing impairments, playing together.

However, football is also played in each of seven different classifications, all with variations to the standard football association rules.

Blind
Partially sighted
Deaf and/or hearing impaired
Cerebral Palsy
Amputees
Learning disability
Wheelchair Users (powered)

This section explains the rule adaptations for each of the groups.

 
         
   

Blind
Classification
People who take part in blind football are classified, according to their level of sight, as B1, B2 or B3. Players in the B1 classification are considered blind (while those rated B2 and B3 are classified as visually impaired or partially sighted).

Rule Adaptations
The game is played on a solid surface
There are five players in each team
Outfield players are B1, but must wear eye-patches and blindfolds
The goalkeeper is sighted, but cannot leave the area •
There are no off-side rules
The football contains ball bearings so that it makes a noise when it moves


Partially sighted
Classification
Players whose eyesight is classified B2 or B3 qualify as partially sighted

Rule Adaptations
Games are played on indoor pitches with a size-4 ball, designed to bounce less than a normal one.
The ball is allowed to go above head-height and there are corners and throw-ins, as in FIFA games.
Goalkeepers are sighted, but not allowed to leave their areas

Deaf & hearing impaired
Classification
Rule Adaptations
The game is played according to the normal FIFA rules


Cerebral Palsy

Classification
Players must be ambulant

Rule Adaptations
There are seven players on each side
There two halves of 30 minutes each
There is no off-side
Players are allowed to roll or throw the ball back into play (to aid players with hemaplegia, paralysis down one side of the body).

Amputees
Classification
Outfield players are either above- or below-knee single-leg amputees.
They must play without prostheses on aluminium wrist-crutches.
The goalkeepers are single-arm amputees

Rule Adaptations
There are two halves of 25 minutes each
There are no off-sides
There are seven players on each side with unlimited substitutions
Pitch and goal sizes are different – usually 60m by 40m
The goalkeeper is not allowed out of the penalty area
Players are not allowed to strike the ball or a player with their crutches.
Slide-tackles are not allowed
Players kick the ball into play instead of throwing
Players are not allowed to touch the ball with their stump
The goalkeeper is not allowed to save the ball with his/her stump


Learning disability

Classification
Players must have an intellectual disability, as defined by the World Health Organisation (WHO). To meet this standard the player’s IQ score must be within or below the range of 70-75.
Their intellectual disability must have been evident during the developmental period (0-18 years). Players must be in receipt of at least two of the following: special education; special accommodation; special employment, special protection; respite care; financial support.

Rule Adaptations
The game is played according to the normal FIFA rules


Wheelchair Users

Classification
Rule Adaptations

 

   
         

 

This site is designed and maintained by Mark Summers